The aftermath of a state eugenics program


Elaine Riddick was 14 when she became pregnant by rape in North Carolina in 1968. A committee of five men called the Eugenics Board decided that, “Because of Elaine’s inability to control herself, and her promiscuity — there are community reports of her ‘running around’ and out late at night unchaperoned — the physician has advised sterilization. … This will at least prevent additional children from being born to this child who cannot care for herself, and can never function in any way as a parent.” A few hours after her son was born, a physician sterilized Ms. Riddick without her knowledge. (I am astonished to discover that there was still a Eugenics Board in my lifetime; I had thought that was all pre-WWII)

Now, more than 40 years later, another five-person board, the Governor’s Eugenic Compensation Task Force, has proposed giving $50,000 to each living victim of its eugenics program. Of the 7,600 people sterilized under the program between 1929 and 1974, some 2,000 are still alive. Ms. Riddick is incensed at the notion: “Fifty thousand dollars? Is that what they think my life is worth? How much are the kids I never had worth? How much?”

North Carolina was only one of more than 30 states that carried out eugenics programs that forcibly sterilized up to 65,000 people, but it had one of the more robust programs.  “The board’s declared goal was to purify the state’s population by weeding out the mentally ill, diseased, feebleminded and others deemed undesirable. . . In a 1950 pamphlet, the Human Betterment League of North Carolina said the board was protecting ‘the children of future generations and the community at large,’ adding that ‘you wouldn’t expect a moron to run a train or a feebleminded woman to teach school.'” The state carried out its program using deception if necessary, telling subjects that they were going in for appendectomies or that the operations were reversible.

Who knows which accepted, scientific practices of today will be the stuff of attempts at corrective action of tomorrow? Embryonic stem cell research? Commercial surrogacy? Paying young women to “donate” eggs? Human organ trafficking? Whatever it will be, as the story of Elaine Riddick demonstrates, money can never compensate someone for having their basic human dignity ignored and trampled upon.

(All quotes from the LA Times article link)

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