Human rights and euthanasia

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe recently added an amendment to a resolution on advance directives to state that “euthanasia, in the sense of the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit, must always be prohibited”. It is refreshing that the body charged with harmonizing the human rights laws among European states, and which bases its decisions on the European Convention on Human Rights, appears to have understood that the protection of human rights should lead to the prohibition of euthanasia.

Those who promote euthanasia see human rights in terms of individual autonomy and the ability of an individual to do whatever he or she wants. If we understand more clearly what is involved in human rights it is easier to see why those charged with upholding human rights should prohibit euthanasia.

Universal human rights are based on an understanding that all human beings have an inherent moral worth by virtue of being human beings. There are no characteristics other than being a member of the human family that are needed for a person to have full moral worth. The intentional ending of an innocent human life is a violation of the inherent worth of that human life. Since the inherent worth of every human life is the foundation of universal human rights, euthanasia is an attack on the foundation on which all human rights depend.

The Council of Europe appears to have made that connection.

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